Information Management, a Proposal
While working at CERN, Tim Berners-Lee submits his original proposal for the World Wide Web, titled “Information Management, a Proposal.” Contained within was an outline of what would become the World Wide Web, originally designed as a way of organizing documents and directories throughout CERN.
HTML (Hypertext Markup Language)
Tim Berners-Lee publicly links to a draft of HTML, the first language of the web, on the www-talk mailing list. Berners-Lee had been working on a new hypertext language for some time, and was influenced by similar efforts like SGML. HTML is used to markup web documents for display by a web browser.
Marc Andresson and his team release Netscape after leaving NCSA Mosaic. Originally attached with a licensing fee for commercial use, Netscape became one of the most popular browsers in the world, until it was overwhelmed by competition from Microsoft in the Browser Wars.
Hotwired.com serves as Wired‘s first online presence. Hotwired would become the first commercial web magazine on the web. The site’s design is immediately recognized as cutting edge, and is redesigned on an almost yearly basis.
As a sort of balance to the techno-idealist view of Hotwired magazine, Stefanie Syman and Steven Johnson start Feed, a web zine with thoughtful, in-depth pieces about news, the tech scene and culture. Feed joins Automatic Media in 200, and officially closes its doors in 2001.
Suck quietly launches as an online zine that embraces the weird world of the tech scene. Each day, creators Joey Anuff and Carl Steadman replace the homepage with a new quippy article. The site is bought by Hotwired, then sold to Lycos, and eventually becomes a part of Automatic Media.
Netly News gets its start as a part of Time Inc’s web offerings. It is launched by Josh Quittner, who uses the site to dive into issues of tech and the emerging web zine scene.
Mozilla Open Sourced
In a surprising move, Netscape open sources their browser and suite of Internet tools. A new team, the Mozilla Organization, is formed inside of Netscape to manage the direction of the browser and surrounding community. This team would later become the Mozilla Foundation.
Originally developed as an experimental branch of Netscape Navigator, Phoenix is released publicly to the open source community. Phoenix was a complete rewrite of the existing browser, and was faster, lighter and included the newest web standards.
Though the Mozilla Organization had been operating from within Netscape for a while, the Mozilla Foundation is officially spun off as an independent non-profit so it could continue to operate even without the help of Netscape.
Mozilla releases it’s new browser, Firefox, after working on its development for almost four years. An open source project, Firefox introduces the latest web standards, and includes the new Gecko layout engine.